He volunteered for the U.S. Army Air Corps in the fall of 1941 and was ordered into training as a flying cadet when the war began. Emerging from Kelly Field, Texas, as a Second Lieutenant, Roddenberry was sent to the South Pacific where he entered combat at Guadalcanal, flying B-17 bombers out of the newly-captured Japanese airstrip, which became Henderson Field. He flew missions against enemy strongholds at Bougainville and participated in the Munda invasion. In all, he took part in 89 missions and sorties. He was decorated with the Distinguished flying Cross and the Air Medal (1941-1946).
While in the South Pacific, he also began to write. He sold stories to flying magazines, and later poetry to publications including The New York Times.
Upon his return from combat, he became a crash investigator for the Air Force working out of Washington, D.C. (1946-1949). During this time, he also studied literature at Columbia University.
At war's end, he joined Pan American World Airways as an airline pilot (1949-1953). On a flight from Calcutta his plane lost two engines and caught fire in flight, crashing at night in the Syrian desert. As the senior surviving officer, Roddenberry sent two Englishmen swimming across the Euphrates River in quest of the source of a light he had observed just prior to the crash. Meanwhile, he parleyed with nomads who had come to loot the dead. The Englishmen reached a Syrian military outpost, which sent a small plane to investigate. Roddenberry returned in the plane to the outpost, where he broadcast a message that was relayed to Pan Am, which sent a stretcher plane to the rescue. Roddenberry later received a Civil Aeronautics commendation for his efforts during and after the crash.
Back in the States, Roddenberry continued flying until he saw television for the first time. Correctly estimating television's future, he realized that the new medium would need writers and decided that Hollywood's film studios would soon dominate the new industry. He acted immediately, left his flying career behind and moved to Los Angeles, only to find Hollywood and the television industry still in its infancy, with few openings for inexperienced writers. At a friend's suggestion, he joined the Los Angeles Police Department in order to see life from perspectives valuable to a writer.
By the time he became Sergeant, Roddenberry was selling scripts to such shows as "Goodyear Theatre", "The Kaiser Aluminum Hour", "Four Star Theater", "Dragnet", "The Jane Wyman Theater", and "Naked City".
Established as a writer, he turned in his badge and became a freelancer. Later, he served as head writer for the highly popular series "Have Gun, Will Travel". His episode "Helen of Abiginian" won him the Writers Guild Award and was distributed to other writers as a model script for the series. Next, he created and produced "The Lieutenant" TV series, starring Gary Lockwood, who also eventually played Lieutenant Commander Gary Mitchell in the second Star Trek pilot, "Where No Man Has Gone Before", and Robert Vaughn, the story of a young man learning the lessons of life while in the United States Marine Corps. Other series he wrote for included Highway Patrol and Dr Kildare.
His best known creation, of course, Star Trek, followed (1966-l969). The first of two pilots was pronounced "too cerebral" by the network and rejected. Once on the air, however, Star Trek developed a loyal following and has since become the first television series to have an episode preserved in the Smithsonian, where an 11-foot model of the U.S.S. Enterprise is also exhibited on the same floor as the Wright brothers' original airplane and Lindbergh's "Spirit of St. Louis". NASA's prototype space shuttle, named "Discovery" was to be the precursor to the first space shuttle to fly into space, which was to be named "Enterprise", but in response to hundreds of thousands of letters from fans, who were unaware of NASA's plans, demanding that the prototype shuttle be named after the beloved Starship, the prototype was named "Enterprise".
While making "Star Trek," Roddenberry's reputation as a futurist began to grow. His papers and lectures earned him high professional regard in that field. He spoke on the subject at NASA meetings, the Smithsonian Institution, Library of Congress gatherings and top universities.
As creator of the beloved Starship Enterprise and its crew, which included the dauntless Captain Kirk and the pointy-eared, logical Vulcan Mr. Spock, Roddenberry unwittingly unleashed a phenomenon in which "Star Trek" enthusiasts became a veritable cult. numbering physicists, aerospace engineers, housewives, senators, children, teachers and intellectuals among its devotees (affectionately known as "Trekkies" or "Trekkers"). The show went outside television to win science fiction's coveted Hugo Award and then ultimately became a succession of feature films.
In addition to having served as executive consultant on Star Trek feature productions, Roddenberry added "novelist" to his writing repertoire. His novelization of "Star Trek: The Motion Picture" (Pocket Books, 1979) sold close to a million copies and was ranked number one on national best seller lists for many weeks.
After the "Star Trek" series ended, Roddenberry produced the motion picture "Pretty Maids All in a Row," starring Rock Hudson, Angie Dickinson and Telly Savalas, and has also made a number of pilots for TV. Among these are "Genesis II" for CBS (1973), about Earth recovering from World War III. Next came "The Questor Tapes" for NBC (1974), the story of an android in search of his creator, then a sequel to "Genesis II" -- "Planet Earth," for ABC. He also co-wrote and produced "Spectre" (1977), a two-hour horror movie for NBC.
Roddenberry also served as a member of the Writers Guild Executive Council and as a Governor of the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. He held three honorary doctorate degrees: Doctor of Humane Letters from Emerson College in Boston, Mass.; Doctor of Literature from Union College in Los Angeles (1977), and Doctor of Science from Clarkson College in Potsdam, New York (1981).
On September 4, 1986, Gene Roddenberry's fans presented him with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, the FIRST writer/producer to be so honored.
In September 1987, "Star Trek: The Next Generation" continued the legend that Gene Roddenberry began more than 20 years earlier. As creator and producer of the original "Star Trek" television series, he launched a phenomenon without precedent in show business and attained a celebrity status unique among his peers. "Star Trek: The Next Generation," in its first year in syndication, was awarded with the 1987 Peabody Award for the "Best of the Best." The series garnered a total of eleven prestigious Emmy awards.
In February 1990, the March of Dimes honored Roddenberry with the Jack Benny Memorial Award for lifetime achievement.
On Thursday, October 24, 1991, in Santa Monica, Gene Roddenberry died of cardiac arrest, and a world not so far away mourned the loss of one of television's foremost pioneers. His remains were flown in space on the space shuttle in a astronaut's personal items. He is survived by his wife Majel Barrett (Nurse Chapel in Star Trek TOS and Lwaxana Troi in Star Trek TNG and Star Trek DS9) and their 19-year-old son, Gene Roddenberry, Jr. He is also survived by his two grown daughters, Darlene and Dawn, from a previous marriage, as well as two grandchildren.