Chinook

Wasco, Wishram

Ikus Ameriketako hizkuntzen azpi-aurkibidea

Check the Native American sub-index

Txinuk

Txinuk herriak ziren Columbia ibaiko ibarreko jatorrizko biztanleak, Oregon eta Washington estatuen arteko mugan. Haien hizkuntzaren pidgin bat Chinook Jargon edo Txinuk Wawa delakoa, Pazifikoko kostaldeko indiar askoren artean erabili zen, Kaliforniatik Alaskara. Oraindik hiztun batzuk geratzen dira. Txinukera berezkoan, mintzaira desberdinen artean, Behe Txinukera hila dago jada. Goi Txinukera doi-doi bizi da, Wishram eta Wasco herrien hizkuntza.

Chinook

The Chinook were the native inhabitants of Columbia River, which marks the border between Oregon and Washington. A pidginized derivation of their language, called Chinook Jargon (Chinuk Wawa), was used as a trade language among many nations of the northwest coast of America, from California to Alaska. There are still some speakers of Chinuk Wawa left. As for Chinook proper, one language or dialect group, Lower Chinook, is extinct. The other language, Upper Chinook, the Wishram-Wasco language, is in its last days.

 

Wishram-Wasco

Wishram eta Wasco herriak Columbia ibaiaren ibarrean bizi ziren, eta hizkuntza bera zuten, Goi Txinukera. Gaurko Wishram-ak Washington estatuan bizi dira, eta Wasco-ak Warm Springs Tribal Council delako erreserban, Oregon-en. 1990ean 69 hiztun geratzen ziren 800 laguneko taldean.

Ortografia idazkera fonetikotik egokitua dago, salbu eta izarñoz (*) markatuak, kolonizatzaileen forma fonetizatuak baitira.

Wishram-Wasco

Wishram and Wasco were two tribes of the Columbia River area speaking the same language, Upper Chinook. The Wishram of our days live in Washington, and the Wasco are affiliated in the Warm Springs Tribal Council of Oregon. In 1990 there were 69 speakers out of a population of some 800 people.

Spellings adapted from phonetic scripts, except those marked (*) that are phonetizations made by the colonizers.

* Mapetan / * Map Name

* Wishram-Wasco / Chinook

Big Eady

Niu'xtac

Camp Harney

Gwopha'ni

Castle Rock

Nimicxa'ya

Celilo

Silailo

Chinook Point

Nosetoilse (*)

Chinook River

Wappalooche (*)

Damon

Wehhut (*)

Malheur River

Malhe'wa

Pillar Rock

Taluaptea (*)

Satus Creek

Satas

Slide

Walala

Ten-Mile Rapids

Atata'lia / Itcagi'tkxoq

Tenino

Tinaino

Underwood

Nancuit

Walla Walla

Walawala

Wasco

Wasqo

Wenatchee

Winatc

Eguneratua / Updated: 1998.10.20
Loturak / Links: Chinook Jargon: http://www.reocities.com/~tenaswawa
EEBBetako ipar-mendebaldeko hizkuntzen mapa (handia) / Language map of US northwest (big):
http://www.reocities.com/~tenaswawa/inlngmap.htm
 

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