ANKARA - The Cradle of Civilizations
region's history goes back to the Bronze Age, Hatti Civilization, which
was succeeded in the 2nd millennium BC by the Hittites, then the Phrygians
(10th century BC); Lydians and Persians followed. After these came the
Galatians, a Celtic race who were the first to make Ankara their capital
(3rd century BC). It was then known as Ancyra, meaning anchor. The town
subsequently fell to the Romans, Byzantines, and Selcuks under Alpaslan
in 1073, and then to the Ottomans under Yildirim Beyazit in 1402, who remained
in control until the First World War.
town, once an important trading center on the caravan route to the east,
had declined in importance by the nineteenth century. It became an important
center again when Kemal Atatürk chose it as the base from which to
direct the War of Liberation. In consequence of its role in the war and
its strategic position, it was declared the capital of the new Turkish
Republic on the 13th October,1923.
parts of the city surround the ancient hisar or citadel. Within the walls,
the 12th century Alaeddin Mosque although much rebuilt by the Ottomans,
still boasts fine Seljuk woodwork. Many interesting aditional Turkish houses
have been restored in the area, and some have found new life as art galleries
or attractive restaurants serving local dishes and wine.
beautiful Ankara castle restaurant offers excellent local and international
cuisine and WINE. It's well-known that Ankara was the cradle of "vine"
(Hatti and Hittite) by 2000 B.C. Many vineyards around Ankara sponsor wine-tasting
socials. Close to the gate, Hisar Kapisi, the beautifully restored bedestan
(covered bazaar), houses the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations with its
priceless collection of Paleolithic, Neolithic, Hatti, Hittite, Phrygian,
Urartian and Roman artifacts, and the showpiece Lydian treasure.
DESTINY OF ANATOLIA