ἧǧѡ Main board / Mother Board
͹
úѭͧͧ
ἧǧѡ
ἧǧѡ˹ҷ
ʶһѵ¡ͧ
ͤ (Socket) Ѻվ
(BIOS)
Socket Slot Ѻ˹¤ѡ
IDE / Floppy DISK Connector
Port
Expansion Slot


ἧǧѡ
Ӥѭش ͺ͡§ѹ ԧ¤Ѻ ͧŧ˹ѡ ѡ֧֡Ӥѭͧ촺ҧ ѹ觤ͺѴ "ҹ" ͤѺ ѧվҧ
ǧѡѡѹͧ (Main Board, Mother Board) ҧҨ¡ѺѾѧдǡ ֧ػóѹ ˹ ǧŤԤʢͧҧѺ ͧǧԻҶ Һҧ˹ǧѡ ͺ˭شѺ ǧ˭ǧѡ ͧԴͺͧ͡Ѻ ͧŧͧǧ˭ ἧ˹ ҧѡɳԴѺ §ҧ ºҧ Ѻ
͹Ѻͧ
ǧѡ˹
ἧǧѡ͹Ѻ鹷 + ҧҤ + ٹǺҨ ͧѡ ١ҧɮҹͧ ФѺ..֡ŧ仫ҧ
͹Ѻͧ
ʶһѵ¡ͧ
ʶһѵ¡֧ͧ (BUS) ͧҡ ҧѹѺԹҧ ͹Ӥѭ ѧ ӤѭѹѺá ͧʶһѵ¡˹ ˹˹ ͹Ѻ "Ἱҧͧ" ͡ҧ˹ͧҤӹѡҹ ҧ˹ͧվ ˹¤ѡͧ Ѩغѹͧͧѹ PCI BUS кʷԷҾѺͧ ʹյ ISA BUS MCA BUS Ѩغѹ ISA BUS ѧ ͧҡػóǧӾǡաѧͧҹ ͧ ISA BUS ǧѡŴŧ ѧࡵҡ Ҩ͵Ѻ PCI 5 ͧ Ѻ ISA § 2 ͧ
ѺкǺʴͧҾ 80486 ҨԹ VL-BUS VESA Local BUS ˹ʴͧպ੾ҧ 32 Ե Թ VL BUS öʹѺʹعҹͧҧԷҾ ֧͡ẺẺ PCI BUS ǺʴͧҾѺը ͡Ѻػó ͹ͧ 2540 AGP BUS (Accelerator Graphic Port) ͡Թѹ ͡ѡɳǡѺ VLBUS ҹѺǺʴͧ
͹Ѻͧ
ͤ (Socket) Ѻվ
ʹٷáоٴ֧ ͤ (Socket) Ѻ 486 ¡ ZIF Socket ҡ Zero Insert Force վŧͤѧ§ҧѧ˹ͧͤ ͧվٵçѺͤҹͧ ¡ͧ͡ç ١Դŧ Ѻǹؤ իͤѺվ§ ҧҡ 1 2 Ѻҧ֧ 4 ͧ Socket ͧѧ͡ Socket 3 Socket 5 Socket 7 Ҵͧ (PIN) ѺվٵҧԴѹ ֧ͧվྐྵ II, Celeron Թš͡Ẻվ Slot 1 ѡɳͧ͹ͧº PCI Slot 1 Դվٵִͧվ ͧ Slot 1 ͧѧͧѡͧվ õԴ¡ ԢԷѺ Slot 1 ֧վö Slot 1
͹Ѻͧ
(BIOS)
(BIOS) ҡ Basic Input Output System ֧ è ROM (Read only Memory) ˹ͧ ROM ѡɳͫ /׹ Ҵ˭ѡ ROM ͧѡͧ͡ Awards, AMI, Phonix ͧԵ BIOS ͹ٹѭʹͧ Ǩͺҹͧػó Input/Output ҹ ҺóԴԴҴ Һ¡ѹ POST (Power On Self Test) ҧҺѭҳҧ⾧ͧ
ʹ١ѹѺسѡɳͧ Ѻ˹ Ի˹ ˹ Ѻػóǧҹ 촴ʡ ÿͻ 쵢ҹ ͹ء ѧ֧˵ ͧ人 (BIOS Setup) ˹ѡػóҧöҹͧ
Ѩغѹͧҡ˹ͧǹ¹ŧҡ 人ͧ§ ֧Ҩͺͧ ֧͡Ẻʷöŧ价ѧ ¡ҡŪ (Flash) ҧŧ
͹Ѻͧ
Socket Slot Ѻ˹¤ѡ
ѧҡͧѴ 繪ͧѺԴ˹ѡ (RAM) ¡ BANK Slot ɳЪͧҧѹͧ˹ѡ SIMM 32 , SIMM 72 , DIMM 168 ͧ RAM ੾ẺẺ˹ ǹ˹ժͧѺ RAM 2 Դѹ SIMM 32 + SIMM 72 SIMM 72 + DIMM 168 ҹԧ Ҩͧ͡ RAM Ẻ˹ ͧҡѹͧͧçѹ ҳ 2 - 6 ͧ ͧ´ա˹dzҧ˹ѡ ͧ§º ҧԹͧ ͧ
͹Ѻͧ
IDE / Floppy DISK Connector
ǵͿͻʡ (Connector) Сҧ¡ѺѾ͹๤ Ѻػóѹ ѺʹѺ ԸҧѺ Ѻӹǹ (PIN) ͧ Connector Ӥѭ Ѻú 40 ԧͧѺ͡Ѻ ѧࡵ͹๤좹Ҵ˭ش 1-2 ѹ ¡ IDE Connector ͧѹ¡ҧѹ ѡ¡ Primary Controller ͧ¡ Secondary Controller Ѻػóҵҹ IDE 촴ʡÿ ѹ͹๤좹Ҵŧ 40 ͹ѹ Floppy Disk Connector Ѻ͡Ѻÿͻ§ Ѩغѹ͹๤ ¡ѹ On Board ͧ ͹͡Ѻ 80386 80486 ǧ¡͡ҧҡ Ѻ촴ʡ ÿͻ 쵢ҹ ͹ء ¡ǧ Multi I/O Board Ѻػó Input/Output ͧ ºŧ Slot ISA 16 BIT
͹Ѻͧ
ѺѾҧ ¡ѹԹ 쵢ҹ ͹ء ԧҡ ١ҧʶһѵ¡¡ BUS BUS Ẻ˹ PCI /ISA BUS ͧҧԹͧ ѭҳҹͧʹ ش ش ͧ "" "ö" "" ѺػóԴ "Air Port" ҡҹҧͧԹ ѹ ͧ١§ͧͧ͡١ Parallel Port Printer Port ͧ١ѧҧҧͧ١ Communication Port (¡ѹ COM Port ¡ ԧ Ѻ)
͹Ѻͧ
͹๤Ѻ LTP 1, COM 1 COM2, PS/2, Keyboard
Ѵ͹ѧͧ ͧա 3- 4 Ѻ쵢ҹ LTP 1 ͧ Ѻ͹ء COM1 COM2 ա 2 ͧ ѺẺ PS/2 ա 1 ͧ ͡ҡѧͧѺºա 1 ͧ Ẻ AT ͧ͡Ѻ ҡẺ ATX ͧ ١ҧ ¡ Built In ŧ
͹Ѻͧ
͵ (Expansion Slot)
׺ͧҡҡͧͧصˡؤ 486 ҵҹͧ I/O 촴ʡ ÿͻ ʴ ԵŴعԵ ֧͡͵ ҹ͡͡ػóѺͧͧС˹ աС˹ Ŵعͧشŧ ͵֧١ͧ͡Ѻѵʧѧ ˹ͧ Slot ѡɳͧº Ѻºػó ¡ Add on Card ѡѹͧ Daughter Board ١ͧ Ѩغѹ͵ҧ ʹѺʹعҵҹẺ ISA PCI ѧࡵ ͵Ѻ ISA Ҵ˭ PCI ͵Ẻ PCI Ҵ
͹Ѻͧ
͹
Link ҡǺ䫵
come.to/pcthai


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