Ages of Classical Music

The Middle Ages
( 400 - 1400 )

Monophony : Chant / Vocal musicChurch music / Secular music

Polyphony / modes / organum

Non-metrical / metrical rhythm

Ars Antiqua Motel , Conductor

Ars Nova (c.14) Madrigal (AAB,AAAB)

Important composers
Leonin
Perotin
Landial
Machaut
sample
Renaissance
( 1400 - 1600 )

Polyphony : imitative style / Homophony

Metrical rhythm / 4-part songs

Church music / secular music

Modes / Fugue / Chorale

Volcal music / instrumental music

Dunstable
Dufay
Ockegham
Byrd
Palestrina
Monteverd
samples
Baroque
( 1600 - 1750 )

Polyphony : Counterpoint ( Fugue ) / Tempo

Homophony : Opera

Scales : major , minor / Ritornello / Terraced dynamic

Stile Concertato / Basso Continuo / Improvisation

Dance suite / concerto grosso /Solo concerto

Buxtehude
Scarlatti
Pachelbel
Vivaldi
Bach
Handel
samples
The Classic Era
( 1750-1820 )
Objectivity / Dynamics / Expression
Homophony / Orchesta / Absolutemusic
Form : Conventional ( Sonata allegro form )
Sympphony / (solo) concerto / sonata
Chamber music / opera
Haydn
Mozart
Beethoven
Bluck
samples
The Romantic Era
( 1820 - 1920 )
Subjectivity / Nationalism
Homophony
Form : flexible ( sonata form )
Program music / absolute music
Dynamics / expression
Instrumental music / Vocal music
Orchestral Music / Chamber music
Opera / Ballet music
Piano music
Beethoven
Rossini
Schubert
Mendelssohn
Chopin
Verdi
Tchaikovsky
Wagner
samples
The Impressionistic Era
( 1860 - 1910 )
Whole tone scale / Augmented Chords
Debussy
Ravel
samples
The Twentieth Century
( 1860 - 1910 )
Experimentation
Atonallty , polytonality
Electronic
Neo - romantic
Rhythm , tone color
Schoenberg
Bartok
Stravinsky
Berg
Hindemith
Glass
samples

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